Patience has many degrees. We need patience to listen to the Dhamma, to study and to consider it, in order to have right understanding of what is taught. We should not merely listen, we should also consider with wise attention what we have heard. The Dhamma is very subtle and deep and if we do not consider thoroughly what we have heard and studied, we can easily have confusion and wrong understanding, there may be conditions for wrong conduct and wrong practice.
When patience with regard to listening to the Dhamma increases we shall see the benefit of all kinds of kusala and further develop it. This means that we shall have more understanding of the right cause that brings its effect accordingly.
We read in the ‘Kindred Sayings” (V, Maha-vagga, Kindred Sayings on Streamwinning, Ch II, § 2, Brahmins) that the Buddha, while he was dwelling at Savatthí, was reminding the monks about the right kind of patience and the wrong kind of patience. We read:
“Monks, the brahmins proclaim this practice which leads to prosperity:
they instruct their disciples thus:
‘Come, good fellow!
Rise up betimes and go facing east.
Don’t avoid a hole,
a village pool or cesspit.
You should go to meet your death wherever you may fall.
Thus, good fellow, on the break up of body,
after death you will be reborn in the Happy Lot, in the Heaven World.’ ”
Those brahmins taught endurance and patience, but if patience is not
accompanied by panna it is not beneficial at all. This teaching of the brahmins
was devoid of panna, unreasonable and not beneficial.
We read further on that the Buddha said:
“But, monks, this practice of the brahmins is the way of fools,
it is the way of infatuation.
It conduces not to revulsion, to dispassion, to cessation,
to calm, to full comprehension, to the wisdom,
it conduces not to Nibbana.
Now, monks, I too proclaim, in the Ariyan discipline,
a practice which leads to prosperity,
but it is one which conduces to downright revulsion, dispassion, cessation,
to calm, to full comprehension, to the wisdom, to Nibbana.”
Those brahmins used the same wording, “leading to prosperity”, but the meaning is different, and it refers to a different way of practice. We read that the Buddha said:
“Herein, monks, the Ariyan disciple has unwavering loyalty to the Buddha...
the Dhamma...the Order.
He is blessed with the virtues dear to the Ariyans,
virtues unbroken, whole, unspotted, untarnished, virtues untainted,
which lead to concentration of mind.
This, monks, is the practice which leads to downright revulsion,
dispassion, cessation, to calm, to full comprehension,
to the wisdom, to Nibbana.”
This is a short text, but it deals with the dhammas which are naturally appearing
just as they are, at this moment. This is the way leading to dispassion, calm, full
comprehension, enlightenment, nibbana.
- Endurance with kusala
- Adhivasana khanti
- The unimpeded weapon of the good I
- The unimpeded weapon of the good II
- Reflection on patience
- Conduct of Buffalo King
- Dhamma Jataka
- Patience is the highest ascetism
- Analysis of the Elements I
- Analysis of the Elements II
- Analysis of the Elements III
- Analysis of the Elements IV
- Analysis of the Elements V
- Analysis of the Elements VI
- Analysis of the Elements VII
- Analysis of the Elements VIII
- Analysis of the Elements IX
- Analysis of the Elements X
- Analysis of the Elements XI
- When perfections is completed
- A wise man & a dull witted man
- He cannot endure
- The danger of impatience
- Right & wrong kind of patience
- The Ovada-patimokkha I
- The Ovada-patimokkha II
- The Ovada-patimokkha III
- It takes an endlessly long time
- Kassapamandiya Jataka I
- Kassapamandiya Jataka II
- Kassapamandiya Jataka III