We read in the Commentary to this Sutta:
“King Pukkusati reigned over his kingdom in the city of Takkasila
and King Bimbisara reigned over his kingdom in the city of Rajagaha,
and they were of the same age.
Between them there was a deep bond of affection,
although they had never seen each other.
Their friendship was established by means of the merchants
who travelled between their two countries for the purpose of trade.
King Bimbisara received from King Pukkusati as a gift eight precious garments,
of which he offered four to the Exalted one
and kept four for his own use in his palace.
To him the following thought occurred:
‘When I shall send a present in return
it should be better than the one King Pukkusati has sent to me before.
My friend sent me a priceless present,
and what should I send to him?
In the city of Rajagaha not any object more precious than that is to be found.’
King Bimbisara had excellent qualities and also,
since the time he had become a sotapanna,
nothing else but the Triple Gem could arouse joy.
He uttered his wish to select the ‘Gems’ he would offer
as a present to King Pukkusati.
Usually there are two kinds of jewels.
The jewel without consciousness is gold, silver, etc.
The jewel with consciousness is bound up with the faculties.
The jewels without consciousness are used for decoration of those with consciousness.
Of these two kinds of jewels,
the jewel with consciousness is accounted the foremost.
The Jewel with consciousness is twofold as the animal jewel and the human
The animal Jewel which includes the Elephant-Jewel and the Horse-Jewel
is used for the conveyance of humans.
Therefore, the human Jewel is accounted the foremost.
The human jewel is twofold as the woman jewel and the man jewel.
The woman jewel performs service for the Wheel-Turning Monarch.
Therefore, the man jewel is accounted the foremost of these two jewels.
The man jewel is twofold as the house-living jewel and the homeless jewel.
A Wheel-turning Monarch is the foremost among the house-living jewels,
but since he pays homage with the fivefold prostration
even to a novice (samanera) who has gone forth on that day,
the homeless jewel is accounted the foremost.
The homeless jewel is twofold as the “learner” and the “non-learner”.
Of the two homeless jewels the value of the jewels of even hundred thousand
does not equal the value of the jewel of one non-learner,
and therefore, the non-learner is accounted the foremost.”
The learner, sekkha, is the ariyan of the stage of the sotapanna, streamwinner, up to the stage of the anagamí, non-returner. The non-learner, asekkha, does not need anymore to train himself and follow the practice leading to the eradication of defilements, because he has eradicated all defilements completely. The non- learner is the arahat.
- Endurance with kusala
- Adhivasana khanti
- The unimpeded weapon of the good I
- The unimpeded weapon of the good II
- Reflection on patience
- Conduct of Buffalo King
- Dhamma Jataka
- Patience is the highest ascetism
- Analysis of the Elements I
- Analysis of the Elements II
- Analysis of the Elements III
- Analysis of the Elements IV
- Analysis of the Elements V
- Analysis of the Elements VI
- Analysis of the Elements VII
- Analysis of the Elements VIII
- Analysis of the Elements IX
- Analysis of the Elements X
- Analysis of the Elements XI
- When perfections is completed
- A wise man & a dull witted man
- He cannot endure
- The danger of impatience
- Right & wrong kind of patience
- The Ovada-patimokkha I
- The Ovada-patimokkha II
- The Ovada-patimokkha III
- It takes an endlessly long time
- Kassapamandiya Jataka I
- Kassapamandiya Jataka II
- Kassapamandiya Jataka III