Pride and conceit

Acharn Sujin spoke about the deepest cause of all our failures in the
 
development of satipatthana: our own defilements which we have
 
accumulated for so long. She reminded us again of our fundamental
 
inconsistence: we want to develop satipatthana in order to eradicate the
 
concept of self, but we still continue to consider ourselves as very important.
 
This selfish attitude appears in our manner and speech, it can be very
 
prominent. We often speak about realities such as seeing, hearing or
 
thinking as anatta, non-self, but do we realize it when there is plain
 
selfishness in daily life? Up till now we did not understand very well that less
 
clinging to the concept of self also means being less selfish in our daily life.
 
We are so used to thinking of ourselves that we do not notice it. Acharn
 
Sujin reminded us to realize more the moments we think of ourselves and to
 
realize our action and speech that are motivated by egoism.
 
 
 
How often do we find ourselves important? How often do we have conceit?
 
Do we think ourselves better than others? Even when we think ourselves
 
equal to or less than others we may find ourselves important and that is
 
conceit. We may, for example, think: “Why does he treat me in that way?”
 
Does this not often happen in daily life?
 
 
 
The “Vibhanga” (Book of Analysis, Second Book of the Abhidhamma)
 
enumerates in the “Analysis of Small Items” (345) many objects which can
 
be objects of pride and conceit. Pride is here the translation of the Pali word
 
“mada” which literally means intoxication. We read:
 
 
 
“Pride of birth; pride of clan; pride of health; pride of youth;
 
pride of life; pride of gain; pride of being honoured;
 
pride of being respected; pride of prominence; pride of having adherents;
 
pride of wealth; pride of appearance; pride of erudition;
 
pride of intelligence; pride of being a knowledgeable authority;
 
pride of being (a regular) alms collector; pride of being not despised;
 
pride of posture (bearing); pride of accomplishment; pride of popularity;
 
pride of being moral; pride of jhana; pride of dexterity;
 
pride of being tall; pride of (bodily) proportion; pride of form;
 
pride of (bodily) perfection; pride; heedlessness; (mental) rigidity; rivalry....”
 
 
 
All these objects can be a source of intoxication and conceit. We should
 
consider them in daily life, that is the reason why they are enumerated.
 
Is it not true that we want to be honoured and respected, that we want to be
 
popular and receive compliments? We are attached to other people’s
 
opinion about us. The word “rivalry” used in the “Vibhanga” is another word
 
for competition. We do not want others to be better than we are, even with
 
regard to kusala and right understanding. We may not have noticed that we
 
are so self-seeking, but the enumeration in the “Vibhanga” can remind us
 
to be aware more often of such moments. We should investigate the
 
deepest motives of our behaviour. Behaviour and speech we thought to be
 
correct and pleasing are often motivated by selfishness. Acharn Sujin told
 
us in plain words that we should do something for others instead of doing
 
something for ourselves, and that this gradually can become our nature. It
 
will condition more kusala in our life. When we consider ourselves not as
 
“somebody” we see more the importance of other people. A “nobody” or
 
“not somebody” is another word for non-self, anatta. Do we really
 
understand the meaning of anatta and its application in daily life? The
 
sotapanna has realized the truth of anatta and for him there are no more
 
conditions to neglect the five precepts. When we transgress them there is
 
no true consideration for other people’s well-being. The sotapanna has
 
eradicated stinginess. We are still stingy, we do not always want to share
 
with others what we have because we think of our own comfort. Through
 
satipatthana there will be less ignorance of the many moments of
 
selfishness which arise and there will be the understanding that akusala is
 
only a conditioned reality, not “my akusala”. We shall develop satipatthana
 
with a more sincere inclination, we shall develop it in order to understand
 
whatever reality arises, to understand it as non-self.
 
 

Topic 233