If we do not know about the cittas arising in processes and their different
conditions we may think that there is a 'self' who decides at certain moments
to do good deeds or bad deeds. In reality there is no person, no 'self' who
decides, but there are cittas which are conditioned by accumulations of kusala
Cittas experience pleasant or unpleasant objects through the senses and
through the mind-door. If someone has accumulated a great deal of lobha
and dosa, lobha-mūla-cittas are likely to arise when the object is pleasant and
dosa-mūla-cittas are likely to arise when the object is unpleasant. These cittas
arise because of conditions, they are not self, they are beyond control.
However, through the study of Dhamma and above all through the
development of 'insight' there can be conditions for kusala cittas and then
there is 'wise attention' (yoniso manasikāra) to the object. No matter whether
the object is pleasant or unpleasant, in the sense-door process the
votthapana-citta can be succeeded by kusala cittas and in the mind-door,
process the mano-dvārāvajjana-citta can, after it has adverted to the object,
be succeeded by kusala cittas.
We are inclined to think that in the process of cittas, akusala vipākacittas
which experience an unpleasant object should necessarily be followed by
akusala cittas, since we let ourselves be ruled by the objects we experience.
However, if there is 'wise attention' there is no aversion towards unpleasant
objects. Kusala cittas and akusala cittas arise because of conditions which are
entirely different form the conditions for vipākacittas. Akusala vipāka and
kusala vipāka are the result of kamma. We wish to control our vipāka, but this
is impossible. When it is time for akusala vipāka, we cannot prevent it from
arising. We should realize that our life is nāma and rūpa, which arise because
of condition and fall away immediately. If we would only realize that vipāka is
but a moment of citta which falls away as soon as it has arisen, we would be
less likely to have aversion towards unpleasant objects we experience.